Tribute to Queen Elizabeth II: The Life of the Monarch
The Queen of England Elizabeth II died this week at the age of 96. Remember the monarch's life in this tribute.
This Thursday (8), Queen Elizabeth II passed away at 96 years old. It was 70 years as Queen of England, full of remarkable moments in politics, the royal family and in her personal life. In this tribute, remember some facts about the longest monarch's life in modern history.
A queen is born
On April 21, 1926, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born on Bruton Street in Mayfair, London. Daughter of the Duke and the Duchess of York, the young Elizabeth learned about arts, music, and practiced sports such as swimming and equestrian. At four, she won a sister, Princess Margaret, who died in 2002.
A curiosity is that, after her coronation, the queen began to celebrate her birthday twice in the year: the real, on April 21, and the official, usually on the second Saturday of June. The double anniversary of the monarchs is a tradition began in 1748, with King George II - the king was born in November, which was not considered very good for public celebrations over time.
Second World War
Before becoming queen, Elizabeth was the first member woman of the royal family to become an active member of the British Armed Forces. In 1945, during World War II, she acted in the auxiliary territorial service as a subordinate and even trained as a mechanic and driver. Five months later, she was promoted to Junior Commander and on the Allied Victory Day, she participated anonymously in the parties on the streets of London.
Elizabeth, still a princess, married the Duke of Edinburgh, Philip, on November 20, 1947. They were third-degree cousins and Queen Vitória's great-great-degree. The ceremony took place at the Buckingham Palace in London, and the princess received over 2,500 wedding gifts. Elizabeth had four children with her husband: Charles, Anne, Andrew and Edward. These four children gave him eight grandchildren, including the sons of Charles, William and Harry, and 12 great -grandchildren.
After her father's death, King George VI, Elizabeth was crowned Queen on June 2, 1953, in London, 27 years old. She was the first monarch to be crowned at a television ceremony. The cameras were invited to Westminster Abbey and were able to film the rituals of the coronation process-it is estimated that 277 million people around the world watched the historical moment.
The reign of Elizabeth II was long, and in 2015 she beat the record that once belonged to her great -grandmother, Queen Victoria. While Victoria reigned for almost 64 years, Elizabeth II completed her 70th anniversary of coronation in 2022.
In addition to longevity, Elizabeth II was the monarch who traveled the most in the history of British royalty, having known more than 120 countries on six continents. In addition to the United Kingdom, the country she most visited was Canada, having made 23 official visits to the US country between 1951 and 2010. Elizabeth came to Brazil on some occasions. In 1968, for example, she met Pelé and watched one of his games at Maracanã.
Elizabeth II was a pivot of several historical changes in the United Kingdom, contributing to the advancement of society even with a more traditionalism perspective. For example, in 2013 she gave real consent so that British legislators would implement a law that allowed same -sex marriage. She also supported the end of a ban that prevented heirs of the royal family from marrying people of Catholic religion.
Another considerable change supported by Elizabeth II was the end of men's priority in the throne's line of succession. That is, regardless of whether it is male or female, the heiress is the oldest.
The queen's hobbies were to ride, visit the inside and walk with their dogs. During her long life, Elizabeth had over 30 Corgis, her favorite dog breed.